Causes Of Premature Wear

EAST LONGMEADOW, NORTHAMPTON AND SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS – The loss of enamel can cause tooth sensitivity. If it becomes severe, it could lead to tooth loss and the need for dental implants in the future.

Tooth enamel is the outer surface of your teeth, and it protects against cavities. This layer is considered to be the hardest mineral substance in the body. Although it is strong, acids from food and drinks can put the teeth at risk. Wear and tear can also harm the enamel, according to information on the Crest Pro Health Website.

“Acid attacks on the teeth can cause a softening to the enamel,” says Dr. Vincent J. Mariano of EMA Dental, a multi-service practice that also provides tooth whitening with our cosmetic dentists in Springfield MA. “The loss of enamel can also be attributed to wearing, and once the enamel is gone it can’t be rebuilt.” Dr. Mariano explains a few factors of premature wear:

Attribution
Attribution is known as the tooth-to-tooth friction, which in small amounts is normal with everyday talking and eating. Severe grinding, also called bruxism, can wear the enamel down extensively. This friction happens when the jaw is clenched. Typically, this occurs during sleep when it is involuntary.

Abrasion
Abrasion is wearing of the enamel by brushing too hard or biting hard objects. Ourgeneral dentist would agree that brushing with a soft bristled tooth brush can help prevent abrasion to the enamel. Jewelry in and around the mouth, such as pierced lips and tongue, can also cause abrasion.
“Patients should never bite on pens, fingernails or hard candy,” says Dr. Mariano. “That can lead to severe abrasion and wear.”

Erosion
Erosion is the chemical wear of the tooth enamel. Citric acid, found in lemons, oranges and grapefruit, can wear a tooth down if exposed regularly. Coffee, tea and soft drinks contain a corrosive acid, as well. When consumed occasionally, it is rarely a problem; however it is a good idea to rinse your mouth once finished.
“Some fruit drinks contain acids that can be more erosive to the teeth than battery acid,” says Dr. Mariano. “Diluting the juice with water can help.”

Health problems can also effect enamel erosion. Acid reflux disease and gastrointestinal problems can produce more acid in the stomach, which can filter up into the mouth. Bulimia, an eating disorder that’s associated with self-induced vomiting, can erode the enamel and lead to tooth decay.
Our prosthodontic specialists are uniquely qualified to correct severe dental wear problems.

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